Effective Weight Loss Products

When more energy is supplied from food than is expended, obesity occurs. Energy is stored in the body in the form of fat, worsening the appearance of the body and creating the prerequisites for the development of dangerous diseases. The main approach to weight loss is proper nutrition and increased physical activity. However, only about 5% of obese people can achieve a positive effect and keep the result without special means for weight loss. Read the article about what they are, how effective and safe they are, and whether there are the best among them.

Varieties of drugs for weight loss
Slimming drugs differ in their principle of action on the body, but they are all designed to solve the following problems:

improve the effect of diet and exercise;
help to effectively reduce weight;
prevent the return of dropped kilograms;
improve metabolic rates;
for a long time to form a commitment to healthy eating and a new way of life;
motivate those who are losing weight for success.
Some previously used drugs are a thing of the past. Today, medicines for weight loss must have a known mechanism of action, be safe for long-term use and have only mild, transient side effects. Listed below are weight loss products currently in use.

Fat burning
If fat is deposited in the subcutaneous tissue, this means that its formation prevails over the splitting. Fat burners can help here. By their action, these drugs can accelerate the breakdown of fats and increase energy expenditure, and some also inhibit the process of fat deposition in tissues. However, these agents are difficult to dose, and due to their complex composition, unexpected, undesirable effects from other organs and systems can occur.
There are also “heavy artillery” among the fat burners. Such drugs accelerate metabolic processes in the fat cells themselves due to the effect on special signalling molecules – beta3-adrenergic receptors… As a result, the fat cell begins to intensively “burn” its own fat accumulations. The possibility of widespread use of funds in this group is still being studied.

Central action
Centrally acting drugs (anorectics) directly affect the brain, activate the satiety centre and suppress the hunger centre, thus “convincing” the body that it is full. By lowering appetite, they help reduce the amount of food eaten and the formation of new body fat. These are powerful drugs with many side effects, including insomnia, anxiety, high blood pressure, and others. Because of this risk and a high degree of addiction, centrally acting drugs are used only as directed by a specialist, and in several countries, are generally prohibited.

Peripheral action
These drugs work within the gastrointestinal tract and do not affect the body as a whole. Means of this group do not allow fats to be absorbed in the intestines. This is achieved by inhibiting lipase, an enzyme that breaks down dietary fats into smaller molecules that can be absorbed through the intestines. Without lipase, the digestion of fats is disrupted, and they leave the body through the intestines unchanged. Lipase inhibitors reduce fat absorption by about 30%. However, along with fats, the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins is also impaired. The drugs in this group have side effects in the form of intolerable urge to defecate, diarrhoea, bloating and abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.

Hormonal
Certain hormones can accelerate the breakdown and elimination of fat. For example, thyroid hormones have such an effect. They speed up the metabolism, increase energy expenditure and promote the breakdown of fats into energy, converted into heat. This may be accompanied by a rise in body temperature by 0.5-2 ° C. Under the influence of thyroid hormones, fat from fat reserves begins to rapidly disintegrate, and the excretion of water from the body is accelerated. As a result, body weight decreases.

Thyroid hormone preparations are not used for weight loss; they are used for problems with the gland itself, often accompanied by weight gain. Certain intestinal hormones are considered promising for weight loss.

After the role of leptin in weight loss was established, its artificial counterpart was created. Leptin is a hormone in adipose tissue that controls appetite. In studies, its administration to obese people has been associated with weight loss. However, this was observed only when the production of its own leptin was insufficient.

Psychotropic
The group of psychotropic drugs affects the higher nervous activity and the emotional sphere. To combat obesity, they are used according to special indications and under the supervision of a specialist in the case when excess weight is combined with mental disorders. For example, some antidepressants are used in patients with obesity and depression or in a situation where a long-term smoking patient with obesity intends to quit smoking (reduce nicotine dependence). Such drugs can help people who suffer from psychogenic gluttony, tend to “seize” stress, eat at night, as well as those who develop depression when trying to go on a diet.

Sugar-lowering
The action of these drugs is based on increasing the sensitivity of tissues to insulin. After a meal, the blood glucose level rises. Any cell in the body can convert glucose into energy, but this requires the presence of the hormone insulin. Excess fat blocks the work of insulin; blood glucose levels do not decrease. The body tries to lower the glucose concentration and releases more insulin. Insulin, in turn, slows down the breakdown of fats. They are deposited in tissues, and the weight increases. When tissue sensitivity to insulin is restored, this “vicious circle” is broken.

Drugs in this group help slow down the absorption of carbohydrates from the digestive tract, reduce appetite, reduce body fat and stabilize weight. They are usually prescribed when obesity is combined with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Non-pharmacological

Non-pharmacological slimming agents are produced mainly in the form of dietary supplements and functional food products. These include:

Alimentary fiber. These are plant-derived substances that look like long branched polysaccharide molecules. They absorb water and swell, multiplying in volume and filling the stomach. For example, glucomannan, a natural polysaccharide found in NUTRILITE ™ Appetite Control , has a similar effect .When added with water, it turns into a viscous gel-like substance, envelops the stomach and creates a feeling of long-term satiety. At the same time, dietary fiber is not absorbed, does not add extra calories to the diet, and helps to improve intestinal motor activity .
Prebiotics. With obesity, other bacteria appear in the intestines – not the same as in people with normal body weight. Harmful microbes further increase the amount of fat and slow down the metabolism. Prebiotics, food components that serve as a breeding ground for beneficial intestinal bacteria, help support the growth of normal microflora. For example, inulin is a natural plant polyfructosan. It not only supports the growth of normal microflora, but also removes toxins, excess fat and cholesterol from the body. Inulin, as a blend with soluble dietary fiber, is included in the NUTRILITE ™ Dietary Fiber Blend with Inulin .
Calorie blockers. Such agents interfere with the work of enzymes that break down sugars and starch into small molecules, which are absorbed by the body and contribute to the deposition of fat. For example, NUTRILITE ™ Carbohydrate Blocker helps you block up to 500 calories per meal and prevents excess carbohydrates from being converted to fat.
Nutraceuticals. These are substitutes for fats and sugar, complexes of vitamins and minerals, amino acids. Nutraceuticals can taste like ordinary fats and sugars, but unlike them, they are practically not absorbed from the digestive tract and thus reduce the total calorie content of food.
There are ready-to-eat and convenient snack foods with reduced calorie content and enriched with useful components – minerals, vitamins, dietary fibre. For example, bodykey ™ by NUTRILITE ™ Dark Chocolate Flavored Bars to help you balance your diet and prevent
Weight gain. This trace element is involved in metabolic processes and helps insulin deliver glucose into cells, thereby increasing the sensitivity of tissues to glucose and reducing fat accumulation. Chromium Picolinate is found in NUTRILITE ™ Chromium Picolinate Plus, which also contains natural plant concentrates and the trace element vanadium, which reduces the formation of fatty acids and cholesterol in the body.

Diuretic
In about 30% of cases, obesity is associated with fluid retention in tissues, and this disorder is not always manifested by oedema. The use of diuretics, in this case, helps to reduce body weight. However, the use of diuretics for obesity should not be systematic; they can be used (in the absence of contraindications) at the beginning of weight loss.

A decrease in body weight against the background of a diet and the use of weak plant diuretics (cornflower flowers, birch buds, parsley leaves) can positively affect losing weight, instil confidence in success.

Long-term use of diuretics is prescribed by a specialist when obesity is combined with high blood pressure or heart disease. It should be remembered that uncontrolled intake of diuretics can cause undesirable effects such as heart rhythm disturbances, changes in blood composition, drop in blood pressure, fainting, and kidney damage. In addition, when using diuretics, losing weight is associated with the elimination of fluid. Therefore it is unstable and does not affect the amount of fat in any way.

Laxatives
Laxatives are drugs used to treat constipation. They do not affect fat stores. The slimming effect is often associated with increased excretion of water along with faeces, so it is unstable, and the lost pounds quickly return. Most laxatives work in the large intestine, while absorption of nutrients, fats and “calories” occurs earlier in the small intestine and is mostly complete.

The elimination of fluids is accompanied by the loss of electrolytes and minerals, as with diuretics. Side effects may develop abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, pressure drop, dehydration.

How to choose a slimming product?
The presence of excess weight or obesity can be determined by yourself by calculating the body mass index (BMI). To do this, you need to know your height in meters and weight in kilograms.

BMI = body weight (kg) / height (m) × height (m).

If the result is more than 25, there is overweight, if more than 30 – obesity.

Drugs for the treatment of obesity are usually prescribed by a specialist after assessing the patient’s condition, test results, and concomitant diseases. Diet pills may be required when there is no effect of non-drug therapy (diet and physical activity) within 3 months – there is no decrease in body weight by 5% or more from the initial.

The best way to lose weight is to change your diet and lifestyle and give up bad habits. Dietary supplements and functional foods can help to get used to proper nutrition and not break down.

Precautions and contraindications
It is not recommended to take medications on your own without first consulting a specialist. Each remedy has both positive and negative sides. There is no better or worse diet pill. Uncontrolled use of drugs for weight loss can cause dangerous consequences, the most common of which are:

mental disorders (depression, anxiety, mood swings);
interruptions in the work of the heart;
insomnia;
increased blood pressure;
digestive disorders (pain and cramps along the intestines, constipation, diarrhea, bloating);
sharp jumps in weight.
Drug therapy is not recommended for children, pregnant and lactating women, and people over 65. In these groups, the effectiveness and safety of drugs for treating obesity have not been studied. It is undesirable to use several agents with a similar mechanism of action at the same time.
Applying for weight loss collections of medicinal plants and dietary supplements, you should carefully study their composition. Some may contain toxic substances to the kidneys and liver: Stephania, magnolia, germander, ephedra.

Author: Thavocalist

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